Cancer is caused by unwanted mutation of cells. In the United States alone, the number of people diagnosed with cancer is over 1 million and globally the estimates are at 18.1 million and 9.6 million deaths according to Globocan. According to World Health Organization, cancer is the second leading cause of death globally. There have been various initiatives to get people screened and tested for the different types of cancer. It is important for people to know the importance of early screening of cancer so that treatment is done early and there are initiatives to help people get screened. Here are the top types of cancer.
The first common type of cancer is the breast cancer which is prevalent in women but can also be diagnosed in men. Breast cancer is of 3 common types and they include, ductal carcinomas which begins at the milk duct and grow into other body parts, invasive lobular carcinoma which begins at the alveoli and lastly, the inflammatory breast cancer which is not common yet very lethal when one has it, and lumps are not a symptom of diagnosis.
Lung cancer is another top type of cancer, and it is mostly caused by smoking. It affects the lungs and the bronchus. There are three common types of lung cancer which are, non-small cell carcinoma that attacks the mucus lining and the center of the lungs, small cell carcinoma that is caused by smoking and lung carcinoid tumors that may attack the lungs specifically or may eat into other parts of the body.
Prostate cancer is another type of common cancer. Another form of cancer is prostrate cancer which affects the prostate glands in men. It is very vital to get an early diagnosis of this cancer. When one is diagnosed early for the disease, chances of survival are high. There are various types of breast cancer, and they include, adenocarcinoma, sarcomas, neuroendocrine tumors, small cell carcinomas, and transitional carcinomas. Men should not be ashamed to get screened for this type of cancer as it could save your life.
Colorectal cancer is another common type of cancer which encompasses both rectal and colon cancer. When this type of cancer is discovered in its early stage of development, it can be permanently removed through surgery. The increase in the number of people getting screened for cancer is increasing, and the number of deaths caused by this type of cancer is slowly but gradually decreasing. Get guidance from your doctor on getting screened for cancer and early treatment if you test positive for cancer.